Integrating Quotations

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Words and phrases quoted from sources need to be smoothly integrated into your paragraphs. Insert page references in brackets.

1. Tom is described as “cruel” (23). / Nick describes Tom as “cruel” (23)

2. Nick says about Daisy, “Daisy’s murmur was only to make people lean toward her” (9).

3. Nick feels her “basic insincerity” (15).

4. Nick describes her as “charming,” “lovely” and full of “excitement” (9).

5. Myrtle wears a gorgeous dress and says, “It’s just a crazy old thing. I just slip it on when I don’t care what I look like” (24).

(Examples have been taken from student drafts with modification.)

Quotation of longer passages (more than 3 lines) from the text need to be set off in block. A complete sentence introduces the quotation, ending with a colon (:). Quotation marks are dropped. The page reference is placed after the period.

7. When Nick meets Gatsby at the party, he is impressed with Gatsby’s charm:

He smiled understandingly — much more than understandingly. It was one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or five times in life. It faced — or seemed to face — the whole external world for an instant, and then concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor. It understood you just so far as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe in yourself, and assured you that it had precisely the impression of you that, at your best, you hoped to convey. (36)

Long quotations should be followed by comment and analysis: “In the passage above, ….” Long quotations should not be overused.